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Highlights from Hazelwood

James Bowie High School Newspaper Adviser Michael Reeves shares his experience regarding the Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeier decision, which occured on January 29th, 1988 and now marks Student Press Freedom Day.

In 1988 I was the Editor-in-Chief of the Ukiahilite in Ukiah, CA. It was my senior year and through my adviser and my father, who happened to be the publisher of the local newspaper, The Ukiah Daily Journal, I knew that there was a court case that was going to be heard by the SCOTUS regarding student scholastic press rights. We knew that Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier might impact the publication of our high school paper.

Between my father Thomas Reeves, my adviser Pat Wilson and I, we discussed plans if there was a negative decision made and there was any efforts on the part of the principal of Ukiah High School to censor the publication what the response would be. The school district had recently hired a new principal, who had been a principal at a middle school in another part of California. There were rumors that he was not a fan of the press, some sources indicated that he had run afoul of the local press at his old school, and had left under questionable circumstances before being hired by the USD. There were some questions about why he was even hired, but those were secondary to the newspaper’s potential problems.

When we learned the results of the Hazelwood case, the next day I met with the principal and my father. We informed him that we would not tolerate any censorship, and that if there was any attempt to even step foot in the journalism room, that we would resort to taking the paper underground. We kept the adviser out of the discussion because we knew as an employee of the school, he might be risking his job to be involved. 

As the publisher of the local paper, my father pledged to provide the necessary equipment, darkroom, paste-up tables, etc. so that the student staff of the Ukiahilite could produce the paper off site. He also agreed to print the paper at cost, so the local community would be able to support the paper with advertising that would cover all expenses. The paper could then be printed off site and distributed both on and off campus to students free of charge and as a non-campus publication, similar to the Daily Journal or any other media production.

The principal was not extremely informed about Hazelwood, and he didn’t like the threats, but in the end there was an agreement reached. He never did attempt to censor the paper during my final year on campus. The ‘Hilite was a nationally recognized publication that won multiple best-in-show awards from the Journalism Education Association and the National Scholastic Press Association, as well as Columbia Scholastic Press Association and the American Scholastic Press Association. We won multiple awards every year from the California Scholastic Press Association and the Santa Rosa Press Democrat area awards.

Ironically, the following year, after I had graduated, the adviser Pat Wilson, was removed from that position in the middle of the year, shortly after the publication of the Ukiahilite that was critical of an administrative decision. I had left town to attend a local community college, Santa Rosa Junior College, where I worked on the newspaper staff of the Oak Leaf, an award-winning collegiate publication.

Led by my father, who was still the publisher at the Daily Journal, there was a public outcry over the removal. Eventually his position was reinstated and he was allowed to continue as the adviser of the ‘Hilite. Eventually, though, Pat moved on to teach history at a smaller area high school. That year, 1989, Pat Wilson was name the California High School Journalism Adviser of the Year. I attended the awards ceremony and was able to celebrate his achievements as one of the best high school journalism teachers in the country.

I consider Pat my mentor and I still advise the publication here at James Bowie High School, in Austin, using many of the methods and approaches he used with us 30+ years ago. We communicate on a regular basis and he is always complementary of the publications my students put out and my role as their adviser. He never says it, but I think he is proud of where I am as a teacher and adviser and there is a sense of pride that he was the person that changed my life through high school journalism. He is why I am where I am and doing what I do. 

Michael Reeves

Constitution Day

232 years ago, the Constitution was signed in Philadelphia and we celebrate the anniversary on Tuesday, September 17. Before signing, anti-federalists James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton fought for a Bill of Rights. Fearing a monarchy, Americans were given unalienable rights to preserve democracy and freedom.

Every year, the Freedom Forum institute holds a survey about the First Amendment for adult Americans. This year, 64 percent could name at least one freedom and only 4 percent could name freedom of petition, the most forgotten freedom.

Freedom of the press is one that student journalists, journalism advisers and activists hold close to their hearts. Without New Voices, 36 states around the country have school newspapers, yearbooks and broadcast teams that are limited in their reporting. Constitution day reminds them of what their founding fathers wanted them to have. 

Student journalist and New Voices activist from Nebraska, LeAnne Bugay, believes in celebrating Constitution Day and spreading awareness of the First Amendment. “The First Amendment is beyond essential,” Bugay said. “Learning how to be responsible with the power of the First Amendment in a supportive school environment makes us responsible adults in the real world.” 

Constitution Day does not have to be a hard thing to celebrate. Something as simple as a survey to see who on your social media page can name all five freedoms can be very efficient in reminding people what their freedoms are. Last year, the student newspaper at Prosper High School set up a booth for students to stop by during lunches. The students were given sticky notes to write their names and list it under which of the five freedoms means the most to them in their lives. 

The day that our founding fathers signed their names on a document they believed would be the best way to run our country is just as important as any other holiday. It does them no justice if we as Americans do not celebrate the amendments, and especially the first.

The first amendment applies to everyone, not just journalist. It should not be something taken for granted, even though it can be easy to forget how easily these rights can be taken away. Americans should be grateful to live in a country where their voices matter. Spend time on September 17 celebrating what you have because not everyone gets to say they are free.

Haley Stack
New Voices Texas, Organizational Officer


Passing The Torch

Although the 86th session of the Texas Legislature did not lead to passage of New Voices legislation,  advocates of student press rights, brought about many firsts through their efforts. For the first time, bills were filed in the House and the Senate.. New Voices advocates met with key lawmakers during a lobby day at the Texas Capitol. Students attracted other scholastic journalists to get involved by leading informational sessions at conventions across the state. And most importantly, New Voices legislation passed out of the House Public Education Committee in a 12-0 vote, garnering bipartisan support. Together, we’ve made more progress toward establishing clear scholastic press protections than Texas has ever seen before.

When the clock ran out for bills to pass out of the Legislature in May, Ultimately, the bills died House Bill  2244 got stuck in the Calendars Committee, which is in charge of scheduling bills for floor action. Senate Bill 514 had a hearing in the Senate Education Committee, but the bill died when the committee failed to bring it up for a vote.

Although we didn’t meet our ultimate goal, the progress we made over the last year bodes well for the next legislative session. With thoughtful leadership and continued advocacy we are fully confident that the Texas Legislature will eventually pass New Voices legislation. That leadership needs ambition, vision and drive. They must hold themselves and each other accountable and be able to rally a coalition of advocates across the state. No group of individuals is more capable of embodying and accomplishing these things than New Voices’ incoming board of officers.

In order for New Voices to be successful, its leadership must represent the people its legislation protects. After we graduated from high school, we decided it was time to pass the torch to a new set of leaders who are still enrolled in high school.

In our work with Mylo, David, Haley and Marisa thus far, we are incredibly encouraged by their ideas and passion. They make us excited for the future of the organization, and hopeful that this movement will continue until we ultimately pass a New Voices law in Texas. As they take over, we believe New Voices Texas is in excellent hands.

Bethany Bissell and Neha Madhira

New Voices Texas, 2018-2019